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The Chagigah
by Rav Sha'ul

The Chagigah on the 13th of Abib
The sinful body and selfish will broken

1 Corinthians 11

23 For I received from the Messiah what I also passed on to you: The Messiah Yahusha, on the night (of The Day of Preparation that begins the Passover Day) he was betrayed, took (leavened) bread (Artos), 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body (sinful flesh), which is (given) for you (as THE Passover Lamb to rip the veil and provide YOU access to the Altar so that you too can make your own living sacrifice); do this in remembrance (Chagigah) of me (each year before Passover).” 25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance (Chagigah) of me.” 26  For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim (Chagigah) the Messiah’s death (of his sinful flesh) until he comes (you proclaim his resurrected sinless life the next night using unleavened bread!).

What were Yahusha and his disciples doing that night that we call “The Last Supper”?  Were they having a “Jewish Seder”? No.  Were they eating crackers? No.  Were they even eating unleavened bread?  No!  They were, in fact, keeping the Chagigah on the eve of the 14th of Abib before the Passover Day of Preparation and Yahusha was elevating the “remembrance meal” that begins Passover to its spiritual fulfillment!  The bread eaten that night was not unleavened bread it was leavened bread that represented Yahusha’s broken (sinful) body.  Unleavened bread is not eaten until after Yahusha is perfected through suffering on Passover and receives his perfect eternal body… The Feast of Unleavened Bread.

A Chagigah (in Hebrew or Koinonia in Lation) literally means a "Festival Offering", and they were held before the Three Pilgrimage Festivals (Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot) and they delt with the pilgrimage offering (lambs) that men were supposed to bring into Jerusalem to be slain on Passover the next day.

These "Chagigah" were traditionally held between one to three days prior to a religious event (Passover, Shavuot or Sukkot), and in this particular discussion it is being applied to the understanding of "The Last Supper" (Koinonia) that actually occurred one day prior to Messiah's Crucifixion (which occurred on The Preparation Day), and, also, applied to the "Passover Remembrance". As a matter of fact, "The Chagigah" were, also, "Remembrance Meals" that included discussions about the upcoming events (Passover, Shavuot or Sukkot), and for "Passover" they are loosely the equivalent of the Jewish Seder Meal in today's society.

Neither a "Chagigah" nor "The Passover" is a Holy Sabbath or a Holy convocation, but are "Remembrances".  The "Chagigah", "Koinonia" or "Last Supper" (in this case) occurred PRIOR to The Passover Preparation Day and the actual PASSOVER (Remembrance) MEAL eaten on the first day of Unleavend Bread, and were therefore the meal on the Chagigah was eaten with "Leavened Bread" (Artos).

Matthew 26:1-2 (a Chagigah Conversation before Passover)

 And it came to pass, when Yahusha had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,2 You know that after two days (Abib 13th to Abib 15th) is (the Feast of) the Passover (includes Unleavend Bread), and the Son of man (Messiah Yahusha) is (already) betrayed to be crucified (on the Preparation Day of Abib 14th).

There is no way the "Koinonia" or "Last Supper" was eaten with unleavened bread two days prior to "Unleavened Bread".  This would destroy the Righteous Symbolism established by Yahuah; designed to teach "The Plan of Salvation", which was perfectly prepared by Yahuah in advance for Messiah using the physical rehearsals.  We see that the Apostle Paul below understood this very important fact and even used the proper word for leavened bread below:

1 Corinthians 11:23-24

For I have received of the King (Messiah) that which, also, I delivered unto you, That the King Yahusha the [same] night in which he was betrayed took bread (strong’s G740, Artos, leavened bread): And when he (Messiah) had given thanks, he brake [it] (Leavened Bread or Artos), and said, Take, eat: this is (symbolizes) my (physical) body, which is (physically) broken for you: this do in remembrance of me (as an act of Love as you prepare yourselves for Passover each year) .

Artos; Strong’s G740 (common definition)- http://studybible.info/strongs/G740

Food composed of flour (leaven) mixed with water, allowed to rise, and baked. The Israelites made it in the form of an oblong or round cake, as thick as one's thumb, and as large as a plate or platter; hence it was not to be cut but broken.

From Dan Love author of “The Spiritual Jew”:

From the above common definition of "Artos" it is plain to see that a "Love Feast" is nothing more than a type of "Chagigah" in which a person, persons or event is "Remembered" or "Honored" (shown love) for his/her/their/Yahuah’s contribution to something that is worthwhile (a SELFLESS act) in which the lives of others are enriched.

Here (1 Corinthians 11:23-24) we have Messiah speaking a most symbolic message to his followers during a Chagigah  (Remembrance Meal, "Love Feast" or Gathering). Messiah plainly states that the (Artos) represents his physical body; meaning that "Artos"  (leavened bread), which is, also, a metaphorical representative of sin (self) is a true representation of himself as a (physical) man.

In other words, as a man Messiah was a sinner just like the rest of us are (sinners). However, Messiah is, also, represented Spiritually by a lamb without blemish. Is this a scribal error? No, it is not, because while Messiah was a sinner in the flesh (for all have sinned and fallen short of the Glory of Yahuah), Messiah was, also, Spiritually Clean  (without spot Spiritually speaking).  So how can this be? Simply this: "We" do not need a physically perfect god or GOD or animal to die for "Us".  Messiah (a sinner) has demonstrated to the world that sinners can become "The Perfected Children of Yahuah" if they will only follow his (a sinner's) perfect example of being a "Seeker of Yahuah’s Righteousness", and that any man (or woman) has this capability available to him or her, because he (Messiah as a sinner) has shown "Us" that it is possible for a human to become "Spiritually Perfected". Yes, "Spiritually Perfected Sinners" are exactly what Yahuah seeks to become His children. Children that have experienced SIN and have REJECTED it (this is called REPENTANCE).

Could there have been any other reason or reasons for Messiah to have gathered with his disciples? What could have motivated the "Foot Washings"?  Why did Yahusha “gird himself with a towel”? 

It should be noted that Jewish people in the Second Temple period when Yahusha lived could only enter the Temple if they were ritually pure and everyone arriving in Jerusalem for Passover was deemed ritually unclean. They had to use a mikveh before they could fulfill their religious obligations (such as bringing their own lambs on Passover to be slaughtered).  Over 150 Mikveh pools have been discovered around The Temple ruins in Jerusalem.  With this in mind, let us look deeper shining the light of history that surrounded the Second Temple period when Yahusha gave his life as a living sacrifice on Passover:

John 11:55-57

55 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand. Many went up to Jerusalem out of the country before the Passover (to celebrate the Chagigah Meal on the 13th), to purify themselves (through Mikveh to become Spiritually CLEAN; symbolized by physical cleansing, and humility).

56 Then they (the multitude of Jews) sought for (Messiah) Yahusha and spoke one with another, as they stood in the temple, "What do you think? Isn't he coming to the feast?" (the people didn't want to kill Yahusha; they wanted to commune with him)

57 Now the chief priests and the Pharisees(these are your killers) had commanded that if anyone knew where he was, he should report it, that they might seize him.

John 13:2-11 – the Mikveh on the Chagigah in preparation for the beginning of Passover

1 And (the Chagigah) supper (on the eve of the 13th of Abib with leavened bread) being ended (and the 14th of Abib began which is Day of Preparation or Passover Day), the devil (human nature in Judas) having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot (i.e. GREED got hold of him), Simon's [son], to betray him;  3 Yahusha knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from GOD, and went to GOD (and was about to offer his own body as The Passover Lamb serving as High Priest, he must be Mikveh’s before he could make the proper sacrifice);

4 He (Yahusha) arose from supper, and laid aside his garments (took off his clothes and Mikveh’d himself) ; and (then) took a towel (to dry himself off), and girded himself (wrapped the towel around his waist… now it is purification time for the rest of his disciples).  5 After that (he cleansed himself through Mikveh, dried himself off, and wrapped a towel around his waist) he poured water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe [them] with the towel he was girded with.

6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Master, are you going to wash my feet?” 7 Yahusha replied, “You do not realize now what I am doing, but later you will understand.” 8 “No,” said Peter, “you shall never wash my feet.” Yahusha answered, “Unless I wash you, you have no part with me.” 9 “Then, Master,” Simon Peter replied, “not just my feet but my hands and my head as well!” 10 Yahusha answered, “Those who have (already) had a bath (Mikveh) need only to wash their feet; their whole body is (already spiritually) clean. And you are (spiritually) clean, though not every one of you.” 11 For he knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said not every one was (spiritually) clean.

We see Yahusha wash the feet (mikveh) his disciples in a ritual that symbolically represented his disciples “following in his footsteps”.  So the ritual cleansing of the Mikveh is a vital aspect of keeping Passover.  Before we continue I want to clear up one of the most misleading and mistranslated portions of scripture in the so-called “New Testament” Gospels.  We see the effect of bias Christian translators in full effect in the gospel of Mark attempting to hide the truth behind mistranslated texts.  In Mark chapter 14 in most of your Bibles it plainly states that Yahusha was not killed on Passover but rather was alive and well and preparing with his disciples to eat the Passover Meal on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread!  This is a total contradiction from the true accounts of the Messiah being killed ON the preparation day for The Passover then laid in the tomb quickly that evening so the Jews could go eat The Passover Meal on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Below is the NIV’s version of Mark 14:

Mark 14 - The Last Supper

12 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, when it was customary to sacrifice the Passover lamb, Jesus’ disciples asked him, “Where do you want us to go and make preparations for you to eat the Passover?” 13 So he sent two of his disciples, telling them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him. 14 Say to the owner of the house he enters, ‘The Teacher asks: Where is my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ 15 He will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready. Make preparations for us there.” 16 The disciples left, went into the city and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover.

Below is the proper translation:

Mark 14 - The Chagigah

12 Now before (two days prior Matthew 26:1-2) the day of Unleavened Bread when they killed the Passover lambs (on The Passover or The Day of Preparation), his disciples said to him “where do you want us to go to prepare (ourselves speaking of the Chagigah) that your own may eat The Passover (Chagigah meal on the eve of the 14th in remembrance and to prepare ourselves for The Passover Season)”.  13 Then he sent out two of his disciples and said to them: “Go into the city, and there you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water, follow him. 14 And wherever he enters, say to the owner of the house; The Teacher says: Where is My guest room in which my disciples may eat the Passover (Chagigah meal in preparation for The Passover) together? 15 And he will show you a large upper room, furnished and prepared; there make ready for us (to keep the Chagigah meal to begin Passover)”. 16 And his disciples went out, and came into the city, and found as he had said to them; and they made ready for (the coming) Passover.

What do we do on The Chagigah Remembrance Meal?

As Passover is approaching, usually the day before but could be 2-3 days before (Matthew 26:1-2) we begin to celebrate the coming Passover Season.  We see below Yahusha and his disciples began planning for The Passover Season a couple of days prior with planning of the Chagigah:

Matthew 26:1-2 (a Chagigah Conversation before Passover)

And it came to pass, when Yahusha had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, 2 You know that after two days is [the feast of] the Passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.

What did Yahusha and his disciples talk about on the day before The Passover Season began when they met together for the Chagigah?  They all knew that Yahusha would be crucified on Passover so this was a time to get together before it all began and “remember” what it is all about.

The Passover is one of the most central themes in The Plan of Yahuah and we should talk about the entire meaning of the Passover rehearsal and fulfillment:

·       From a lamb being slain to provide “clothing of skin” to cover Adam/Eve’s sinful parts (physical to spiritual parallel that the blood of the lamb covers our sin)

·       to Abraham offering his first born son when Yahuah “passed over” Isaac delivering him from death through the sacrifice of a lamb (physical to spiritual parallel that Yahuah would offer His firstborn son to save us all from spiritual death),

·       to the firstborn of Israel being saved by the blood of a lamb on their doorpost in the Exodus (physical to spiritual parallel that we all would exodus this physical life of bondage and enter the promised land through The Passover),

·       to the High Priest offering a national sacrifice of The Passover Lamb along with each man offering his own Passover Lamb for his individual family each year (physical to spiritual parallel of Yahusha’s sacrifice to rip the veil enabling all of us to follow his example and offer our OWN sacrifice on the Altar)

·       to Yahuah fulfilling these examples by offering His firstborn son Yahusha on Passover to provide access to the altar of Yahuah to all his children the spiritual truth has been revealed.

·       to the sons of Yahuah offering themselves as living sacrifices every Passover the spiritual truth has been revealed.

·       to Yahusha returning and “leading the children of Israel” into the promised land upon his return in the Second Exodus the spiritual truth has been revealed.

These are the discussion we should be having on the eve of 13th as Passover begins on the 14th at sunset.  Our minds must be set properly and our “mindset” must be righteous going into The Passover Season.  Speaking of this very thing, The Apostle Paul said of Passover:

1 Corinthians 11:27

So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Messiah in an unworthy manner (not understanding the spiritual significance and not properly being mikveh’d and examiningg himself for “spot or blemish”) will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Messiah.

We have had 6,000 years to learn the spiritual lesson!  Have we learned the lesson these “shadows of greater spiritual truths” were designed to teach us?  No.  Was the physical “shadow picture” of Passover designed to teach us the spiritual truth of The Jewish Seder? 

I certainly hope that is not what Yahusha suffered and gave his life as a living sacrifice for!  Every year, year by year for thousands of years we have ritualized keeping Passover and now we have reduced it down to a simple token meal called The Jewish Seder which is itself stolen from the Roman banquet called the symposium!  Worse yet we have changed it completely to the Christian celebration of Easter stolen from Babylon!

We have missed the very spiritual lessons The Passover Season was given by Yahuah to teach us.  That is that each one of us, as sons of Yahuah, are destined to be perfected in this life through suffering and we are to offer ourselves as spotless lambs in the temple of Yahuah on His altar each Passover as LIVING SACRIFICES! Not just steal a Roman ritual and apply it so Judaism then steal it from Judaism and apply it to Christianity somehow reducing Yahuah’s wonderful plan of salvation down to a simple meaningless ritual call The Seder.  Talk about missing the point by a country mile!

So let us discard all the pagan rituals and Jewish traditions that have lead us nowhere over 2000 years and keep Passover the way Yahuah instructed us.  Let us learn the lessons the physical rehearsal/examples were designed to teach us.  Let us wean ourselves off of the “milk of the word” and partake of the “meat of the word” and grow from children to full sons of Yahuah.  Let us, offer ourselves to Yahuah the way He intended us to in the example set by our Messiah.

It all begins just prior to The Passover Season with the Chagigah remembrance meal by discussing the physical to spiritual parallels of the upcoming rehearsal.  Then the rehearsal begins the next day with The Preparation Day and the killing of the lambs on Passover at the Altar of Yahuah.




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